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This combination medication is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. It is known as a penicillin-type antibiotic. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.
This medication is given by injection into a vein, usually every 6 hours or as directed by your doctor. The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. For children, the dosage is also based on weight. If you are giving this medication to yourself at home, learn all preparation and usage instructions from your health care professional. Before using, check this product visually for particles or discoloration. If either is present, do not use the liquid. Learn how to store and discard medical supplies safely. Give aminoglycosides (such as gentamicin) separately from this medication. Do not mix together in the same IV fluid. Antibiotics work best when the amount of medicine in your body is kept at a constant level. Therefore, use this drug at evenly spaced intervals. Continue to use this medication until the full prescribed amount is finished, even if symptoms disappear after a few days. Stopping the medication too early may result in a return of the infection. Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens
Ampicillin and sulbactam may cause side effects. If you are administering ampicillin and sulbactam into a muscle, it may be mixed with lidocaine (Xylocaine) to reduce pain at the injection site. Tell your health care provider if either of these symptoms is severe or does not go away:
• upset stomach
If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your health care provider immediately:
rash, itching, fever, chills, facial swelling, wheezing, difficulty breathing, unusual bleeding or bruising, dizziness, seizures, sore mouth or throat
Before administering ampicillin and sulbactam,
tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to ampicillin, penicillin, cephalosporins [e.g., cefaclor (Ceclor), cefadroxil (Duricef), or cephalexin (Keflex)], or any other drugs.
tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications you are taking, especially other antibiotics, allopurinol (Lopurin), anticoagulants ('blood thinners') such as warfarin (Coumadin), atenolol (Tenormin), oral contraceptives, probenecid (Benemid), rifampin (Rifadin), sulfasalazine, and vitamins.
tell your doctor if you have or have ever had asthma, hay fever, or kidney or gastrointestinal disease (especially colitis).
tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding. If you become pregnant while taking ampicillin and sulbactam, call your doctor.
if you have diabetes and regularly check your urine for sugar, use Clinistix or TesTape. Do not use Clinitest tablets because ampicillin and sulbactam may cause false positive results.