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Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride is used to treat infections caused by certain types of bacteria. It is also used before certain types of surgery to prevent infections which may occur after these procedures. Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride works by killing the bacteria that have caused the infection.
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects.
Check with your doctor if any of these most common side effects persist or become bothersome:
Diarrhea; dizziness; headache; loss of appetite; nausea; stomach upset; vomiting.
Seek medical attention right away if any of these severe side effects occur:
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); bloody or tarry stools; burning, numbness, tingling, pain, or weakness of the arms, hands, legs, or feet; chest pain; dark urine or unusual change in amount of urine; fainting; fever, chills, or unusual cough; hallucinations; inability to move or bear weight on a joint or tendon area; irregular heartbeat; loss of consciousness; moderate to severe sunburn; mood or mental changes (eg, new or worsening anxiety, agitation, confusion, depression, restlessness, sleeplessness); muscle pain or weakness; pain, soreness, redness, swelling, weakness, or bruising of a tendon or joint area; pale stools; persistent sore throat; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; seizures; severe or persistent diarrhea; severe or persistent dizziness; stomach cramps/pain; suicidal thoughts or actions; tremors; unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual fatigue; vaginal yeast infection; vision changes; yellowing of the skin or eyes.
You are allergic to any ingredient in ciprofloxacin tablets or to any other fluoroquinolone (eg, levofloxacin).
You have a history of myasthenia gravis.
You are taking agomelatine, lomitapide, pirfenidone, pomalidomide, or tizanidine, or you have recently received a live oral typhoid vaccine.
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.